Orthodontics is the science that deals with straightening teeth using certain types of braces appropriately chosen by the orthodontist, depending on several factors: patient anomaly, biological age, dental age etc.
Types of braces
3-6 years – temporary dentition– there are trainers that guide the cheek bones into a correct growth shape, so that the future permanent teeth should fit the dental arches properly, thus reducing the risk of dental crowding;
6-12 years – mixed dentition – there are classic braces, of the palatal / lingual / mono-block plate type, which the child should wear for about 16 hours / day, and there are trainers to be worn all night and for only 2 hours during the day;
Disjunctor – a type of dental brace that expands the jaw, which is generally used during bone growth and before fixed braces, or simultaneously with these, depending on the anomaly
FIXED BRACES-BRACKETS TYPE
– from 11 – 12 years, once all permanent teeth have erupted
– the average length of this treatment is about 2.5 years;
– the device is activated monthly, almost throughout the treatment, at which time – depending on the device – the patient can choose which color he wants to apply to the device;
– there may be emergencies of the type: detached bracket, broken bracket (if the food instructions are not respected), the arch creates discomfort in the cheek or lips, all of which can be resolved by a visit to the dental clinic
– hygiene must be carefully performed , after each meal, with soft brush, interdental brush and mouth water;
– hard foods (nuts, hazelnuts, toast, apple, popcorn, candy, etc.) are forbidden
– they must be cut into slices; as well as vacuuming foods (chewing gum, toffee, etc.)
Types of fixed braces:
Hybrid – a combination of ceramic and sapphire, has white particles and is transparent;
Lingual braces – attached on the inner side of the teeth so it cannot be seen from the front; It is not compatible with any anomaly;
FIXED – MOBILE – INVASALIGN BRACES
It is different from traditional tooth straightening treatments, being metal-free and without brackets;
– They can also be removed by the patient, as opposed to the brackets, so that the patient can eat anything, and the hygiene remains the same as before the treatment;
– Can be applied from the age of 6 years, up to 80 years;
– The duration of treatment is according to an anomaly and can be classified as follows:
– Invisalign First – from 6 years – comprising 2 treatment stages, one initial and one around 12 years old;
– Invisalign 7 – very slight anomaly, 1-2 mm, which can be solved in maximum 7 gutter / 7 weeks, located in the frontal area;
– Invisalign Lite – an anomaly that can be solved in maximum 14 gutter / 14 weeks;
– Invisalign Full / Comprehensive Treatment – for almost any anomaly and unlimited number of gutters – about 1.5 years;
– Invisalign Teen – for teens – unlimited number of groomers – it also helps the teenager’s self-confidence, the disappearance of frustrations of all kinds during the period of orthodontic treatment, helping the young adult to transition with ease the delicate period in which to flop. from several points of view; – special feature: wear indicators, in order to be able to monitor the wearing time of the young patient
– The most comfortable device, easy to carry and almost invisible;
– The patient removes it before eating, so there are no food restrictions;
– The patient receives a set of trays, depending on the anomaly, which they change on their own every 1-2 weeks, according to the doctor’s instructions; it is no longer necessary to come to the monthly office, it has no additional monthly fees, everything is much simpler, more comfortable, more aesthetic and more efficient;
– In some cases, depending on the anomaly, at the patient’s level, attachments will be applied, which look like very small, white, almost invisible fillings:
Can treat the broadest range of dento-maxillary conditions:
– The teeth are considered to be overcrowded when there is not enough space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws.
– When there is extra space within the jaw, the teeth will have large gaps between them.
– Cross occlusions: are when the upper jaw and mandible are both misaligned. Usually one or more of the upper teeth “tread” inside the lower teeth, and this can happen in the front and / or the lateral parts of the mouth of the maxillary arches:
– Occlusions are deep when the upper teeth significantly (more than 2-3mm) overlap over the lower teeth.
– Occlusions are reversed when the lower teeth protrude outwards compared to the upper teeth, a problem usually caused by an underdeveloped upper jaw, overgrowth of the mandible or both.