Orthodontics

Orthodontics is the science that deals with straightening teeth using certain types of braces appropriately chosen by the orthodontist, depending on several factors: patient anomaly, biological age, dental age etc.

There are several types of braces:

– Mobile

– 3-6 years – temporary dentition– there are trainers that guide the cheek bones into a correct growth shape, so that the future permanent teeth should fit the dental arches properly, thus reducing the risk of dental crowding;

– 6-12 years – mixed dentition – there are classic braces, of the palatal / lingual / mono-block plate type, which the child should wear for about 16 hours / day, and there are trainers to be worn all night and for only 2 hours during the day;

Disjunctor – a type of dental brace that expands the jaw, which is generally used during bone growth and before fixed braces, or simultaneously with these, depending on the anomaly

– Fixed

from 11 – 12 years, once all permanent teeth have erupted
– the average length of this treatment is about 2.5 years;
– the device is activated monthly throughout treatment, which is when the patient can choose what colour they want to apply to this device;
– there may be emergencies of the following type: loose bracket, the dental wire can create discomfort in the cheek or lip, where food guidelines are not followed;
– careful hygiene is needed after every meal using a soft toothbrush, interdental toothbrush and mouthwash;
– tough foods are prohibited (walnuts, hazelnuts, toast, apple, popcorn, candy, etc.), they must be sliced first; vacuum forming foods are also forbidden (chewing gum, toffee, etc.)
– Types of fixed appliances:
Metallic:

Ceramic (White):

Hybrid – a combination of ceramic and sapphire, has white particles and is transparent;

Sapphire (Transparent):

Lingual braces – attached on the inner side of the teeth so it cannot be seen from the front; It is not compatible with any anomaly;

– Fixed-Mobile – Invisalign

– It is different from all traditional teeth straightening treatments, without metal or brackets;
– Can be removed by the patient, unlike the brackets, so the patient can eat anything;
– Can be applied from the age of 11-12 years up to 80 years;
– The average length of treatment is about 1.5 years;
– The most comfortable, easy to wear and almost invisible device available;

– Can be worn from adolescence, with a special feature: wear indicators, to help monitor wear time, but can also be worn as a young or mature adult;

– There are no emergencies with this type of device, because it is not attached to the teeth;
– The patient removes it prior to meals, so there are no dietary restrictions;

– The patient receives a set of trays, depending on the anomaly, which they change every one to two weeks; it is not necessary for the patient to come to the clinic monthly, therefore, there are no additional monthly costs, everything is much easier, much more comfortable, more aesthetic and more efficient;

– Depending on the anomaly, some patients may require certain dental attachments, which look like tiny fillings and are white and almost invisible:

can treat the broadest range of dento-maxillary conditions:

invisalign-2 The teeth are considered to be overcrowded when there is not enough space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws.
invisalign-3 When there is extra space within the jaw, the teeth will have large gaps between them.
invisalign-4 Cross occlusions occur when the upper jaw and the lower jaw are misaligned. Usually one or more of the upper teeth “tread” inside the lower teeth, and this can happen in the front and / or on the sides of the mouth.
invisalign-5 Occlusions are deep when the upper teeth significantly overlap over the lower teeth.
invisalign-6 Occlusions are reversed when the lower teeth protrude outwards compared to the upper teeth, a problem usually caused by an underdeveloped upper jaw, overgrowth of the mandible or both.

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